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MCC Updates

Current Sea, Latest Feature Length Documentary on Our Work

Current Sea

Check out the Latest Documentary on our struggle to protect the 
Ocean. Current Sea

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Marine Conservation Cambodia Volunteering

The Seagrass Conservation Project

The Seagrass Conservation Project at MCC is working to conserve the existing seagrass meadows in Cambodia’s coastal waters, and provide protection for them to extend and expand, thereby supporting local fishers and coastal communities which rely on seagrass resources.

What is seagrass and why is it important in Cambodia?

As one of the most productive ecosystems in the world, seagrass meadows support an array of social processes and ecological systems (Costanza et al., 1997; Cullen-Unsworth et al., 2014). Distributed across the world, these specialised marine plants have adapted to nearshore environments of most of the world’s continents (Short et al., 2001). Seagrasses are flowering plants (angiosperms) which predominantly inhabit shallow salty, marine waters, and some species are tolerant to fresh-water, estuarine, marine, or hypersaline conditions. Seagrass is not seaweed. Composed of green leaves, shoots and roots, like other terrestrial flowering plants, the complex structure of seagrasses enables them to play key ecological roles in marine seascapes.

In Cambodia, the largest extent of seagrass is found in Kampot Province, Kep province and the Kep archipelago, and is thought to once be part of the largest seagrass meadow in South East Asia (Supkong and Bourne, 2014; Vibol et al., 2010; UNEP, 2008). Seagrass plants grow in dense meadows which provide vital connective habitat between mangroves and coral reefs, allowing fish populations and migratory species to move between marine ecosystems. The structural complexity that seagrasses give to the seafloor provides shelter and nursery grounds for invertebrates and fish species, including commercially valuable species. Seagrass leaves are a primary food source for grazing species such as dugongs and green turtles. In addition, seagrass leaves photosynthesize which oxygenates the water, increasing nutrient cycling and carbon capture. The robust rhizomes of many seagrass species are able to lock carbon within the plant and surrounding sediment, helping to mitigate climate change by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Moreover, seagrass leaves attenuate wave action and rhizomes help trap sediment and particles in the water column, which reduces water turbidity and coastal erosion.

Seagrass meadows provide a wide range of ecosystem services at local and international scales, from food provisioning to mitigating against climate change. Kep’s coastal communities rely on seagrass meadows for food security, household income and livelihood options, in the form of tourism and marine fisheries. Small-scale fishers harvest fish and invertebrates which inhabit the subtidal seagrass meadows. Livelihoods in tourism, such as restaurants, hotels, Kep Crab market and in water-activities depend on seagrass ecosystems and resources to encourage tourists to visit coastal zones.

If they’re so great, what’s the problem?

It has been estimated that seagrass meadows are declining globally at a rate of 7% each year (Waycott et al., 2009). Despite the importance of seagrass meadows and the ecosystem services which they provide is becoming increasingly acknowledged, seagrasses receive little attention, and are largely overlooked in marine management strategies (Unsworth et al., 2018).

In Cambodia, seagrass management is currently ineffectual and meadows are threatened by a variety of anthropogenic pressures, including coastal industrial development, and reclamation, dredging, nutrient enrichment from agricultural run off and destructive fishing practices (Leng et al., 2014; Grech et al., 2012. In the Kep archipelago, bottom-trawling activities pose the greatest threat to seagrass meadows. As a result of direct damage from removal of seagrass biomass, and indirect damage, such as increased sedimentation and water turbidity, causing reduced photosynthetic potential of the plants, Cambodia’s seagrass meadows are reducing in extent and becoming increasingly fragmented. Declines in seagrass meadow extent and diversity leaves not only reduces the resilience of seagrasses themselves but the resilience of small-scale fishers and coastal communities which depend upon them. The seagrass conservation project at MCC is working to implement seagrass specific management strategies and conservation actions to preserve this critical habitat.

Our research methods

-Underwater-surveys to map and monitor seagrass meadow extent, species distribution and abundance.

-Carbon sequestration surveys

-Under-water video surveys and analysis

-Social surveys

How can you help?

Become an intern with the seagrass team! Learn underwater survey techniques, seagrass identification skills, data entry and mapping skills. Join us to contribute to conservation and resource provisioning at an ecosystem scale, or get in touch with the finer details of plant ecology.

Cited Literature

Costanza, R., d’Arge, R., De Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Naeem, S., O’neill, R.V., Paruelo, J. and Raskin, R. G. (1997). The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. nature, 387(6630), 253-260.

Cullen-Unsworth, L.C., Nordlund, L.M., Paddock, J., Baker, S., McKenzie, L.J. and Unsworth, R.K.F.(2014). Seagrass meadows globally as a coupled social–ecological system: Implications for human wellbeing. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 83(2), 387-397.

Grech, A., K. Chartrand-Miller, P. Erftemeijer, M., Fonseca, L. McKenzie, M., Rasheed, H. and Coles, R.  (2012) A comparison of threats, vulnerabilities and management approaches in global seagrass bioregions. Environmental Research Letters. 7: e024006

Leng, P., Benbow, S. L. P. and Mulligan, B. (2014) Seagrass diversity and distribution in the Koh Rong Archipelago, Cambodia. Cambodian Journal of Natural History. 2014(1), pp.37–46.

Short, F. T., Coles, R. G. and Pergent-Martini, C. (2001). Global seagrass distribution. Global seagrass research methods, 5, 30.

Supkong, P. and Bourne, L. (2014). A survey of seagrass beds in Kampot, Cambodia. Thailand: IUCN. 91pp.

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MCC Updates

Our YouTube Channel is now live

You can find our new You Tube Channel here

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Roloc Samleng: Our Outreach Project

What is outreach?

Outreach can be defined as an effort by an organisation or group to connect its ideas or practices to a specific audience. Here, we are using it to provide marine ecology education to local schools.

Why is it needed?

Kep archipelago’s management can only be sustainable with the involvement of local people. Fishing communities rely on the sea’s resources, but most haven’t had the chance to see what lies underneath the surface of the ocean. Our education project aims to bring the subject of marine ecology into local communities. To do so, we work in partenership with local schools and organisations where we run sessions on different marine topics. We do things a bit outside the box though. Our goal is to nourish student’s imagination through creative and engaging activities. For example, we will create a yarn painting mozaique of coral polyps or dress up as sharks with handmade costumes!

How can you help ?

As a volunteer, you will be helping on the preparation of these activities and be able to attend and assist those sessions. Your daily tasks can range from preparing saltdough to creating a giant food web. We believe that people with a diversity of skills can contribute to our marine outreach project.

 

Tell us how your specific skill set can contribute to the project : mccoutreachproject@gmail.com

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Equipment Donation

As you may know, we are located on Koh Seh, a small island 13km from the mainland. Our equipment is exposed to rough conditions,

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Bank Transfer Donations

You can now donate to Marine Conservation Cambodia through Bank transfers, in our Cambodian Account.

If you have any difficulties, please let us know!

Beneficiary Bank’s Name: Advanced Bank of Asia Limited
Beneficiary Account Name: MARINE CONSERVATION CAMBODIA ORGANIZATION
Beneficiary Account Number: 000176408
Swift Code: ABAAKHPP
Beneficiary’s Bank Address: #148, Preah Sihanouk Blvd., Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Advanced Bank of Asia Limited

Recommended Intermediary Banks

1. Standard Chartered Bank Ltd., New York, U.S.A Swift Code: SCBL US 33
2. Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas, New York, U.S.A Swift Code: BKTR US 33

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Cryptocurrencies Donation

Marine Conservation Cambodia is now able to receive cryptocurrencies donations!

If you don’t know what theyre are, we invite you to go and check this page. Cryptocurrencies, as well as being the future of worldwide transaction and money, can become a new way to support the protection of our Ocean and planet.

Marine Conservation Cambodia is proud to become the first organisation in the country to explore this possibility! This page will progressively build up, and add more currencies as it goes. If you have any questions, please let us know!

MCC Bitcoin public address: 1E1HKcWGmhV2KPzat8NEJaqVXMEdrBrrbu

1E1HKcWGmhV2KPzat8NEJaqVXMEdrBrrbu

MCC Ethereum public address:

0x77e41c1F619DF7c73Db8F56b425346c9a7e592eC

MCC Bitcoin Cash public address:

qz82wsj6gqpmdak0eetpjv7e6vy66ql9wvxk38p97w

1E1HKcWGmhV2KPzat8NEJaqVXMEdrBrrbu

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Volunteer and Intern Blog Posts

Roll On MCC

First heard about MCC, on the island of Koh Seh, from Maria my daughter who visited 4 years ago. We came here together for a week in early Feb 2019. Me to avoid the UK winter her to take a break from working in HCMC.

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SUPPORT US

Good news, you can now donate to Marine Conservation Cambodia through the donation portals of the International Conservation Fund of Canada, supporting our work for now 4 years.
         
For US donors:
– Once you click on the page, select “Yes, I would like to choose where my donation should go”
– Then select “ICFC Cambodia: Marine Conservation”
– Fill up the form, and you’re done!
           
You can aslo take some time and discover ICFC other amazing projects around the world. They have been our stronger partner, and without them, nothing would have been possible!
    

Donate through the International Conservation Fund of Canada

Here, you will be able to donate through the online donation system of ICFC, our trusted partner for now 4 years!

Donate through the International Conservation Fund of Canada (US Donors)

Here, US donors specifically will be able to support Marine Conservation Cambodia.